As part of it advisory support activities, UN-SPIDER carried out a Technical Advisory Mission (TAM) to Peru from 1 to 5 April 2019 to evaluate the current and potential use of space-based information in all aspects of disaster management. UN-SPIDER is associated partner of the RIESGOS project. Elisabeth Schoepfer, RIESGOS project coordinator, from the German Aerospace Center (DLR) was part of the expert team. Further information can be found at: http://www.un-spider.org/news-and-events/news/un-spider-tam-peru
On March 20, 2019 a workshop on „Modelling the reliability of critical services in case of disasters” took place at the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile. The workshop was organized by colleagues of the research line „Risk and resilience in complex systems and networks“ within CIGIDEN jointly with the RIESGOS team of the Technical University of Munich / Engineering Risk Analysis Group. Prof. Daniel Straub and Hugo Rosero presented their work on generic models of systems in networks and cascading effects in the frame of the project.
The workshop participants consisting of researchers, national authority representatives, operators of critical infrastructures as well as end users, shared their experiences, discussed requirements and further specified the upcoming research tasks accordingly.
In February/March 2019 researchers from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) travelled to Ecuador for a 3-weeks field investigation. After discussing the planned measurements with local partners from Instituto Geofísico and Instituto de Investigación Geológico y Energético, the group headed to Cotopaxi volcano and used the first days for acclimatization and equipment testing. They then climbed to the glacier margin at about 5200 m every day to conduct electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and seismic refraction tomography (SRT) measurements. Despite struggling with adverse weather situations that kept arising reliably at noon, the group could complete the field campaign with 4 ERT- and 2 SRT-profiles. These measurements help to anticipate the impact of climate change (glacier retreat) and permafrost degradation on the formation of secondary lahars at Cotopaxi volcano.
At the end of the first project year of RIESGOS, the second delegation mission to the partner countries Chile, Peru and Ecuador took place. The objective of the trip was to present the first project results in the form of showcases, which have been prepared for all three countries in the respective pilot areas. Dedicated scientific and user workshops were held with research partners and national/local end users. In addition to the presentations of the results during the workshops, the focus was put on fostering the cooperation during discussions in several bilateral meetings.
Among the many highlights during the mission, one was for sure the visit of the pilot region in the area of the volcano Cotopaxi in Ecuador. The RIESGOS team spent three days in the region. After a workshop with local end users, a two-day excursion took place.
From 4 to 16 November 2018 Dr. Mauricio Monsalve from the Research Center for Integrated Disaster Risk Management (CIGIDEN) visited the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the Technical University of Munich (TUM) in the frame of the RIESGOS project.
During the two-week stay the focus was put on two topics, i.e. software components and web processing services as well as critical infrastructure.
The first topic was discussed using both, presentations and hands-on sessions. A three-day workshop took place focusing on the design of web service components and their publication on GITHUB, a code hosting platform for collaboration. During the time of the workshop Benjamin Pross from 52°North joined the team.
At the Technical University of Munich Mauricio presented his research on “Reducing disaster risk through data driven research” followed by presentations of TUM colleagues. In the following the set-up of a joint workshop on Critical Infrastructure was discussed. This workshop will take place in March 2019 at CIGIDEN in Santiago de Chile.
The first annual meeting of the project RIESGOS takes place from 16 to 17 October 2018. For almost a year the RIESGOS team has been working on research and development of scientific methods to better understand complex interactions in the context multi-risk analysis in order to prevent future natural disasters. In addition to the presentation and discussion of the results of all project partners, the two-day meeting will focus on the presentation of the showcases. The research project pursues an iterative development approach to develop components for a multi-risk information demonstrator and to integrate the actual requirements of the respective end users. In a first step, showcases are developed, which show all components of a complex risk situation on the basis of a fictitious event. From the perspective of “What would happen if …?” individual components and functionalities of the planned demonstrator are described: an earthquake triggers a tsunami, which in turn damages critical infrastructure. Exposure and vulnerability are dynamic variables that need to be mapped accordingly. In addition to the interactive presentation of the envisaged functionalities, a “proof of concept” will be carried out for a selected part of the process chain in order to demonstrate the functionality of interfaces and to check the technical feasibility. This year’s annual meeting represents an important milestone in the project RIESGOS, as the work will be presented later this year in user workshops in Chile, Ecuador and Peru. And accordingly the next development steps will be defined jointly with the South American research partners.
The International Conference “Natural Hazards and Risks in a Changing World” took place at the University of Potsdam from 4th to 5th October 2018. During the session on “Cascade and Multi-Hazard” Dr. Christian Geiß from the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and Dr. Massimiliano Pittore from the German Research Center for Geosciences (GFZ) presented recent research approaches and concepts for multi-risk assessment during two talks.
The Chile Day of the BMBF took place in Bonn on 20 and 21 September 2018. The event aimed at connects scientists and experts in Germany, who are interested in cooperation with Chile and to develop suggestions for future cooperation activities with Chile. The event focussed on networking and the exchange of experience.
The interesting programme with lectures, idea competitions, expert group meetings and panel discussions enabled a lively exchange with the participants. The presentation of various funding instruments for the expansion of existing collaborations as well as the set-up of new contacts provided deeper insights on project funding opportunities.
The project RIESGOS was represented by the active participation of Dr. Torsten Riedlinger and Dr. Elisabeth Schoepfer with contributions to the panel discussion and in the workshop on „Geosciences and Marine Research“.
An international tsunami training program took place from August 1-10, 2018 in Valparaíso, Chile. The RIESGOS project was represented by Dr. Sven Harig from the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI). The event under the auspices of UNESCO/IOC was organized and hosted this year by the Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service of the Chilean Navy (SHOA). The training covered almost all aspects of tsunami early warning, from seismology and modelling to the development of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for early warning. “The international networking of actors of the tsunami early warning centres and scientists enable to address new research questions, to exchange with experts and to continuously improve the interoperability of the systems”, said the participating RIESGOS tsunami modeller Dr. Sven Harig from AWI.
The tsunami experts and speakers were coming from the International Tsunami Information Center (ITIC), the Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre (PTWC) from Hawaii, the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of the UNESCO (IOC), the North-western University in the U.S. as well as from the National Civil Protection in Chile (ONEMI) und various Chilean Universities. The participants from 12 countries came mainly from the Pacific region and the Caribbean. In addition to technical lectures, insights into many areas of the Chilean early warning system were offered, for example through guided tours of the operational Tsunami Early Warning Centre and a visit of the National Emergency Office in Santiago. In addition, all represented countries presented their own developments and concrete implementations of the tsunami early warning system.
During an excursion to the Quintero region a field experiment was conducted which provided the opportunity to search for, identify and classify tsunami sediments in the ground „with a hoe and a spade“. With this hands-on example in one of the endangered regions in Chile a comprehensive insight into the aspects of the tsunami topic was provided.
Directly after the RIESGOS kick-off in Quito, the Landslide Research Group of the Technical University of Munich, conducted geological field research at Cotopaxi volcano. At the beginning, INIGEMM (Instituto Nacional de Investigación Geológico Minero Metalúrgico) was organizing an excursion together with representatives of the IGEPN (Instituto Geofísico de la Escuela Politécnica Nacional) and the UCE (Universidad Central del Ecuador), providing interesting insights into landslides and historic lahars in the Chillos Valley to the north of Cotopaxi volcano.
The following field work was centered around the research topic of „lahars“ as well. The group of the TU Munich visited trajectories of recent lahars and successfully placed temperature loggers near the glacier margin.
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Together with the Ecuadorian Ministry of Science “Secretaría de Educación Superior, Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (SENESCYT)” and National Secretariat of Disaster Risk Management “Secretaría de Gestión de Riesgos” (SGR) a 2-day RIESGOS Workshop was held in Quito on 24 and 25 April 2018. This second visit to Ecuador (the first trip took place in March 2017 as part of the project initiation phase) was dedicated to the nearby volcano Cotopaxi and related hazards. Using a selected scenario, complex risk chains were discussed, common research topics identified and cooperation opportunities discussed.
On April 19 and 20, 2018, the RIESGOS consortium organised a 2-day RIESGOS Workshop in Lima. At the beginning of the workshop, the National Research Council “Consejo Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología Innovación Tecnológica” (CONCYTEC) reported on current research activities in the context of natural hazards and risk in Peru. Afterwards the RIESGOS team presented the research topics planned for the next 3 years and followed the presentations of Peruvian institutions with great interest. Afterwards, possibilities for cooperation were discussed together with Peruvian research institutions and public authorities as well as end users of the project pilot region Lima.
On Monday, April 16, 2018, the RIESGOS delegation visited institutions in the project pilot region Valparaíso. The important port city of Valparaíso is located about 120 kilometres by road northwest of the capital Santiago de Chile at the Pacific Ocean. The greater metropolitan area Valparaíso - Viña del Mar is the second largest in the country after Santiago de Chile and is of great economic and tourist importance for Chile.
In the morning we visited the regional disaster management authority “ONEMI Regional de Valparaíso”. Afterwards, current research topics in the context of multi-risk analysis and tsunami modelling were discussed with scientists from the Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María. Finally, the delegation was received by Rear Admiral Patricio J. Carrasco and Lieutenant Commander Carlos Zúñiga of the Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service of the Chilean Navy (SHOA). The tsunami early warning system was impressively demonstrated in real time, using the example of the 2016 tsunami.
The strengthening of the scientific exchange and the dialogue with South American users were the focus of a delegation visit of 18 German scientists and industry representatives at the start of the BMBF funded RIESGOS project.
A 2-day workshop was organised in Santiago de Chile together with the Chilean research network (CIGIDEN) and Chile’s National Emergency Office (ONEMI). The first day of the workshop (12 April 2018) was dedicated to a wide range of research topics. Together with Prof. Rodrigo Cienfuegos, the scientific director of CIGIDEN, the workshop was planned and conducted at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (UC). On 13 April 2018, a user workshop was held at Chile’s National Emergency Office (ONEMI) with several national representatives of public authorities. At this day the focus was put on existing information systems, both for early warning and for preventive measures. Requirements and challenges were discussed together with the national and regional users of these systems in order to make the best possible contribution of RIESGOS.
The RIESGOS project is present at the European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2018 in Vienna, 8-13 April 2018.
The RIESGOS project was officially launched with a kickoff meeting at the German Aerospace Center on December 7, 2017.
More information at: A better understanding of geo-risks – focusing on the Andes